A shrub or forest understorey tree to 6 m high, from N and S Nigeria and W Cameroons; also widespread in central, eastern and southern tropical Africa. Alchornea laxiflora leaf extract was tested against a range of microorganisms using standard microbiological methods for antimicrobial. Media in category “Alchornea laxiflora”. This category contains only the following file. Alchornea laxiflora, gepersde blare,
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Male inflorescence an axillary spike or alchornae up to 12 cm long, developing on older twigs just before new leaf flush, bracts ovate, 1. Medicinal plants of East Africa. The plates were allowed to stand on the laboratory bench for one hour to allow for proper diffusion of the extract solution into the medium. These compounds play important roles in bioactivity of medicinal plants; thus medicinal values of these plants rely on the embedded phytochemicals and as such produce laaxiflora physiological actions on human body.
Alchornea laxiflora occurs in evergreen forest and associated bushland, in riverine thickets, from sea-level up to m altitude. The antimicrobial effects of the leaf extract of A. The dried leaves were milled into a fine powder and laixflora stored in an air-tight bag until use. The antimicrobial activities of A.
The plates were left on the laboratory bench for 24 hours to observe their sterility. This is an indication that A. The susceptibilities of laiflora pathogens to the leaf extract of A. Volume 9, part 4. Medpharm Scientific, Stuttgart, Germany.
The ash of the stem pith is applied to a stiff neck. Euphorbiaceae, subfamilies Phyllantoideae, Oldfieldioideae, Acalyphoideae, Crotonoideae and Euphorbioideae, tribe Hippomaneae. The MIC exhibited by the leaf extract of A.
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
The plant is monoecious having its male and female inflorescences on separate branches. Antioxidant properties of extracts from Alchornea laxiflora Benth Pax and Hoffman. Indexed in Science Citation Index Expanded. Phytotherapy Research 17 7: Decoction alchornew the leaves is usually administered to treat inflammatory and infectious diseases [ 5 ].
View at Google Scholar M. These were later examined for the presence or absence of growth. The antioxidant activities of the leaves are interesting as well, and more research is needed to elucidate the effectiveness under different conditions.
The extract inhibited the growth of all the bacterial and 15 fungal isolates tested.
Scopulariopsis brevicaulis a pathogen known to be resistant to broad spectrum antifungal agents [ 18 ] was also susceptible to the effects of this plant extract. Alchhornea results obtained from their investigation indicate the presence of potent natural antioxidant which may be relevant in preservation of lipid food products. Alchornea laxiflora Prelude Medicinal Plants Database x – k – jpg www. The antibiograms of the extract along with those of the antifungal and antibiotic were determined lsxiflora agar-well diffusion methods by [ 1213 ] with little modification.
Bioactive chemical constituents from Alchornea laxiflora Benth. In Tanzania the ground leaves are taken in water to treat hernia.
Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: individual images: Alchornea laxiflora
The sensitivity patterns, minimum inhibitory concentrations MICsalchornez minimum fungicidal concentrations MFCs exhibited by Alchornea laxiflora crude leaf extract against tested fungal isolates. This is one of the reasons why Yoruba tribe of Southwestern Nigeria referred to A.
The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction alchornez any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Journal of Ethnopharmacology 74 3: Preliminary phytochemical screening revealed the presence of alkaloids, cardiac glycosides, saponins and phenolic compounds in the roots, and in lower amounts, in the leaves. The medium was poured into sterile Petri dishes and allowed to set.
Alchornea laxiflora has interesting antibacterial and pain-suppressing activities, which merit further research. There are 47 book citations related alchorea Alchornea laxiflora Benth. The World Health Organization considers phytotherapy in laxiflorw health programmes and continues to encourage the integration of herbal cure with the orthodox medicine. The stem, especially the branches, is used in Nigeria as chewing sticks local tooth brush for cleaning teeth while the leaves are used to preserve kola nut and other perishable fruits and vegetables.
Alchornea laxiflora (Benth.) Pax
To receive news and publication updates for Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, enter your email address in the box below. Subscribe to Table of Contents Alerts. All the above mentioned dermatophytes have been implicated as causative agents of infections ranging from tinea capitis to ringworm, most especially among African children [ 17 ].
Volume 2, Families E—I. Abstract Alchornea laxiflora leaf extract was tested against a range of microorganisms using standard microbiological methods for antimicrobial activities. Our investigations on A. Flora of Tropical East Africa. View at Google Scholar E.
Pseudomonas aeruginosa known to be resistant to many antibiotics was susceptible to the effect of the extract. Also, medicinal plants have been proved to be effective alchornes the treatment of infectious diseases with little or no side effects as experienced with synthetic drugs [ 2 ].
Alchornea laxiflora Syntype of Alchornea schlechteri Pax