It is dominated by the arch and dome, with the Classical orders reduced in importance. With Functionalism as its central precept, its hallmarks are the use of spare line and form, an emphasis on rationalism, and the elimination of ornament. Branch of engineering that is concerned with the construction of roads, bridges, aqueducts, waterworks, tunnels, canals, irrigation works, and harbors.
Uvod u gramatiku engleskog jezika. The Romans copied and expanded on Greek Classical forms, notably introducing bricks and concrete and developing the vault, arch, and dome for public buildings and aqueducts. Modern architecture has furthered the notion of the planning of extensive multibuilding projects and of whole towns or communities. The design of application software incorporating protocols and the means for expansion and interfacing with other programs.
ETYM Latin architectura, from architectus: The basic forms of Classical architecture evolved in Greece between the 16th and 2nd centuries bc. Notable features are the development of the tower with dome and the pointed arch.
Građevinsko-arhitektonski rusko-srpski rečnik: minimum – Nadežda Lainović-Stojanović – Google Books
Little remains of the earliest forms of architecture, but archeologists have examined remains of prehistoric sites and documented villages of wooden-post buildings with above-ground construction of organic materials mud or wattle and daub from the Upper Paleolithic, Mesolithic, and Neolithic periods in Asia, the Middle East, Europe, and the Americas. European architecture of the 17th and 18th centuries elaborated on Classical models with exuberant and extravagant decoration.
Art of designing structures. The data-handling capacity of a microprocessor. This architecture emerged in the us, Japan, and Europe in the s, with one trend toward high-tech forms and another reverting back to using simplified or geometric elements from earlier styles to decorate traditional forms. Romanesque enjoyed a renewal of interest in Europe and the us in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The development of fecnik pointed arch and flying buttress made it possible to change from thick supporting walls to lighter curtain walls with extensive expansion of window areas and stained-glass artwork and resulting increases in interior light.
It is marked by churches with massive walls for structural integrity, rounded arches, small windows, and resulting dark volumes of interior space. This style of architecture, referred to as the Modern Movement, began in the with the Vienna School and the German Bauhaus and was also developed in the us, Scandinavia, and France. This architecture extends the Baroque style with an recnii greater extravagance of design motifs, rcenik a new lightness of detail and naturalistic elements, such as shells, flowers, and trees.
Gothic was also developed extensively in Germany and neighboring countries and in Italy. Osnovni principi engleskog jezika.
The term is thought to have been used for the first time by British engineer John Smeaton in about 17to distinguish civilian from military engineering projects. In England the style is generally referred to as Norman architecture an example is Durham Cathedral.
RJEČNIK-PDF -Tehnicki recnik | Nataša Đurović –
The branch of engineering concerned with the design and construction of such public works as dams or bridges. European architecture of the 18th and 19th recjik again focused on the more severe Classical idiom inspired by archeological findsproducing, for example, the large-scale rebuilding of London by Robert Adam and John Nash and later of Paris by Georges Haussman. It makes great use of technological advances in materials such as glass, steel, and concrete and of construction techniques that allow flexibility of design.
The term covers arhitektonskii design of the visual appearance of structures; arhitektonsik internal arrangements of space; selection of external and internal building materials; design or selection of natural and artificial lighting systems, as well as mechanical, electrical, and plumbing systems; and design or selection of decorations and furnishings.
Translation glossary: Ivanin arhitektonski recnik
Classicism, or Neo-Classicism as it is also known, has been popular in the us from the 18th century, as evidenced in much of the civic and commercial architecture since the time of the early republic the us Capitol and Supreme Court buildings in Washington; many state capitols. This architecture arising at the end of the 19th century countered Neo-Gothic, using sinuous, flowing shapes for buildings, room plans, and interior design.
Svaka cast, pomaze dosta u konverzaciji: This style flourished in Western European Christianity ercnik the 10th to the 12th centuries. Gothic architecture emerged out of Romanesque.
More extensive remains of stone-built structures have given clues to later Neolithic farming communities as well as to the habitations, storehouses, and religious and civic structures of early civilizations. Recnik i prevod teksta izmedju engleskog, francuskog, nemackog i srpskog jezika.
This form of architecture developed primarily in the Eastern Roman Empire from arhitfktonski 4th century, with its center at Byzantium later named Arhitektondki, now Istanbul. Architectural style may emerge from evolution of techniques and styles particular to a culture in a given time period with or without identifiable individuals as architects, or may be attributed to specific individuals or groups of architects working together on a project. The profession of designing buildings and environments with consideration for their esthetic effect.
A hallmark was the post-and-lintel construction of temples and public structures, classified into the Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian orders and defined by simple, scrolled, or acanthus-leaf capitals for support columns.
This developed from the 8th century, when the Islamic religion gecnik from its center in the Middle East west to Spain and east to China and parts of the Arhitektknski Islands.
There were numerous practitioners in France and the German-speaking countries, and notably in Vienna. The best documented are those of ancient Egypt, where exhaustive work in the 19th and 20th centuries revealed much about both ordinary buildings and monumental structures, such as the pyramid tombs near modern Cairo and the arhitekttonski and tomb complexes concentrated at Luxor and Thebes.
Gothic architecture was developed mainly in France from the 12th to arhitektonxki centuries. Latinski, ruski, spanski, grcki, italijanski i turski recnik. Samo da pitam zasto nema vise izgovora odnosno pronunciation u eng-srpskom recniku, to je bila super stvar.
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