Victor Shklovosky, a founder of the OPAYAZ group in Russia, occupies a significant position in Russian Formalism by introducing his literary concept of art as. Art as a Technique by viktor Shklovsky. Shklovsky brings out that there comes a point were perceptions become habitual thus becoming. Art as Technique has 30 ratings and 4 reviews. zeynab said: it is a sufficient introductory Victor Shklovsky is perhaps best known for developing the concept of.

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Anna Stankova rated it it was amazing Mar 24, Saint Petersburg Imperial University. However, inhe had to go into hiding once again, as he was threatened with arrest and possible execution for his former political activities, and he az via Finland to Germany.

Ioana Fotache rated it really liked it May 12, Petersburg in earlyafter the October Revolution.

Victor Shklovsky is perhaps best known for developing the concept of ostranenie or defamiliarization also translated as “estrangement” in literature. Katy rated it really liked it Apr 27, Defamiliarization of that which is or has techniqur familiar or taken for granted, hence automatically perceived, is the basic function of all devices.

He refutes the theory of the work of art as an art that exploits no more new devices and techniques; instead he put forward that if art uses the same device repeatedly it only gives a stale taste. As Shklovsky notes, 19th century Russian novelist Leo Tolstoy uses this technique throughout his works.

In literary criticism it would provide an important precursor to the development of both Structuralism and Post-structuralism. In the same year he was allowed to return to the Soviet Unionnot least because of an appeal to Soviet techniqque that he wrt in the last pages of his epistolary novel Zoo, or Letters Not About Love. Instead the piece claims art defamiliarizes: I can do what only a true artist can do–pounce upon the forgotten butterfly of a revelation, wean myself abruptly from the habit of things… To illustrate what he means by defamiliarization, Shklovsky uses numerous examples from Russian literature.


He opposed bolshevism and took part in an anti-bolshevik plot organised by members of the Socialist-Revolutionary Party.

Viktor Shklovsky

Credits New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards. Its influence would be widely felt in both twentieth century art and literary criticism. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Kibkib rated it it was amazing Aug 23, Film Diary — Amerikanka. When it becomes an institution, it will tdchnique products, objects to be consumed.

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The term was first coined in by Victor Shklovsky or Shklovskijone of the leading figures of the movement in literary criticism known as Russian Formalism. Shklovsky brings out that there comes a point were perceptions become habitual thus becoming unconsciously automatic.

Literary theory Literary criticism. The techniuqe can be given a prosaic presentation but it is not art because the form is not interesting, it is automatic.

He argues that literariness lies in the deviant use of language, but not the symbols and imagery. The artifact itself is quite unimportant. Shklovsky explains that the technique of art is, the process of making objects different and difficult; and there is a connection; the techbique different the more difficult and object is, the more techniqie you will spend perceiving it. Instead, technique is always unlimited, dynamic and volatile. Eva Lucia rated it liked it Dec 01, Gevorg Yeghikyan rated it liked it Jun 04, Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read.

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Alice Herondale rated it really liked it Oct 11, Defamiliarization is one of the key concepts of Russian Formalism and Shklovsky is one of its most important theorists. Shklovsky notes that Pushkinwho is generally credited with creating the Russian literary language which is the basis of modern Russianused the technique through the use of different dialects.


His two brothers were executed by the Soviet regime one inthe other in and his sister died from hunger in St. Shklovsky’s work pushes Russian Formalism towards understanding literary activity as integral parts of social practice, an idea that becomes important in the work of Mikhail Bakhtin and Russian and Prague School scholars of semiotics. In the nineteenth century, the aristocracy spoke primarily French, not Russian.

Viktor Shklovsky – Wikipedia

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Art should get out of shklovsyk life and become a way leading us into it. In each level, deviation for defamilarization is to be achieved to make the work really artistic. Here is where I really think that art is more than just causing a person to ponder in its perception, I think that the idea that art is something out of the ordinary unconscious life is true, there has to be a distinction between every day mundane things and art.

As a consequence, the reader is forced to see from a different perspective and appreciate the form of the text and not just its content or meaning. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.

Art as Technique

Life as a Novel” documentary film by Vladimir Nepevny. Shahab Habibi rated it liked it Jan 31, The second was Opoyaz. The artist creates a shift in the normal, anticipated form of perception and bt so doing reveals the world anew. Open Preview See a Problem?

I do not consider myself a true artist, save in one matter: Return to Book Page. It has been associated with the poet and playwright Bertolt Brechtwhose Verfremdungseffekt “alienation effect” was a potent element of his approach to theater.