Find the most up-to-date version of ASTM E at Engineering Macroetching, also known as deep etching, involves etching specimens prepared with a suitable acid or reagent for macrostructural examination. Contact us. Purchase your copy of ASTM E – 17 as a PDF download or hard copy directly from the official BSI Shop. All BSI British Standards available.

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Compositional differences also e3811 Go to Navigation Go to Content. Evaluation of heat treated parts to determine locations of hard or soft spots, tong marks, quench cracks, case asttm in induction hardened or carburized parts, and effectiveness of stop-off coatings. The reagent should be used under a fume hood, or some other means of carrying off the corrosive fumes must be provided.

Dried surfaces may be protected with oil or a transparent lacquer. This standard is subject to revision at any time by the responsible technical committee and must be reviewed every?

Macroetching Examinations – ASTM E & ASTM E Testing | SGS MSi Testing

Torch cutting or other hot cutting will materially affect the structure of the specimen and may be used only when necessary to remove a larger piece e31 to cutting to size by cold methods. Precision and Bias If the tank is metallic, the disks being etched should not be in contact with each other or with the vessel.

They are usually found in continuously cast or bottom poured products. NOTE 1—The addition of hydrogen peroxide H2O2 may be necessary in order to provide sufficient reaction to properly etch some types of product.

ASTM E381 – 17

Other applications of macroetching include: Some of the conditions are represented by sketches drawn on the photomacrographs. In the case of forgings, depending upon prior agreement, this may be accomplished by adding excess metal for discard on the ends or ends of the forging; or, by forging in multiple lengths and removing the test disk between individual pieces when astn up the multiple forging.


The sectioning of the large specimens should be done so as not to disturb the central portion of the section. Overetching can lead to zstm.

E Standard Terminology Relating to Metallography. The etching solution may be reused if it has not become excessively contaminated or weakened.

Enter your account email address to request a password reset: Development ashm grain flow in a forged part or fastener, which is a critical property for the integrity of the forging. Any grease, oil, or other residue astj produce an uneven attack and must be removed.

Establishment of general standards for acceptance or rejection for all conditions is impractical as some conditions must be considered relative to the part in which it occurs.

Dark center is solid material and should not be confused with center unsoundness. This will generate a smooth surface and remove cold work from prior operations. Register for a trial account. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval.

Macroetch Examinations

Search book title Enter keywords for book title search. The type of condition present may be identi?

Grinding, which also may be used, is usually conducted in the same manner, using free-cutting wheels and light feeds. For ingot cast product, the specimen is usually taken after ingot breakdown.

The most common reagent for macroetching iron and steel is a 1: Current edition approved Oct. Continuously cast steel blooms and billets, in the as cast condition, shall be examined according to the procedures described in Sections 10 and It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


Land Use and Development. Add acid slowly to water with stirring. Remove the smut that forms on the specimen surface by scrubbing the surface with a stiff brush under hot running water. In most cases, 15 to 30 min will be sufficient for hot-acid etching.

ASTM E – 17 – Standard Method of Macroetch Testing Steel Bars, Billets, Blooms, and Forgings

Any method of preparing smooth surfaces with a minimum amount of cold work should be satisfactory. Link to Active This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.

Today, some 12, ASTM standards are used around the world to improve product quality, enhance safety, facilitate market access and trade, and build consumer confidence. Mix solutions and macroetch under a fume hood.

Resins in wood used to make tanks sometimes act as uncertain and uneven inhibitors resulting in unsatisfactorily etched disks. Disks or specimens are usually cut to reveal a transverse surface, but the requirements of the speci? Etching times with cold solutions see 5. This brush may have natural vegetable or synthetic? Other rating methods may be established per agreement between the user and producer. Click here to request a quote Chicago Lab: Individual reprints single or multiple copies of this standard may be obtained by contacting ASTM at the above address or at phonefaxor service astm.

Inspection is most effective when done while the piece is still wet. With reductions over a 3: In ingot cast product, it is sometimes called ingotism or ingot pattern. The etching solution should be clear and free from scum.