Means of reducing and controlling weld distortion are described, covering b) tack weld one end, then use back-step technique for tacking the rest of the joint. It is a weld progression utilized to minimize distortion. Backstep welding is a technique to avoid distortion while welding on thin sheets. This technique involves a continual stalling of the forward travel motion by traveling backwards slightly, into the previous deposited weld. This technique has two.

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Shrinkage caused by each pass tends to be cumulative, thereby increasing total shrinkage when many passes are used.

What is back stepping your weld?

Use as few weld passes as possible Fewer passes with large electrodes, Fig. The restraint of the clamps also helps minimize distortion.

There are no problems. Remove shrinkage forces after welding Peening is one way to counteract the shrinkage forces of a weld bead as it cools. In general, it is desirable to finish the weld quickly, before a large volume of surrounding metal heats up and expands. Originally Posted by Gamble. When the clamps are released after welding, the plates return to the flat shape, allowing the weld to relieve its longitudinal shrinkage stresses by shortening to a straight line.

The first weld you learned is a string bead which is a continuous weld in a straight line. Thus these two welds are most likely not the same size.

A multipass is baxkstep you lay several beads on the joint. What is technque stepping your weld? Your next weld then starts a couple inches past the starting point of the original weld and moves towards the first weld. Beginning welders and even those that are more experienced commonly struggle with the problem of weld distortion, warping of the base plate caused by heat from the welding arc.

But if the steel bar is restrained -as in a vise – while it is heated, as shown in Fig. Plan the welding sequence A well-planned welding sequence involves tdchnique weld metal at different points of the assembly so that, as the structure shrinks in one place, it counteracts the shrinkage forces of welds already made.


Weld Distortion

As each bead segment is placed, the heated edges expand, which temporarily separates the plates at root gap.

Doing all welding on one side of a part will cause much more distortion than if the welds are alternated from one side to the other. To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here: If restrained, as in bduring heating, it can expand only in the vertical direction – become thicker.

Good welding technique at a fast pace will lessen or even eliminate distortion, burn through, cracking, and other problems. As a matter of fact there are many problems that can occur as you weld, and this is covered here.

It is a weld progression utilized to minimize distortion. You start at the end of the plate and you’re working your way across the seam. We will do a lengthy tutorial on basic pipe welding shortly: This is a good technique to use when you are in the vertical welding position or the overhead welding position. Other Techniques for Distortion Control Water-Cooled Jig Various techniques have been developed to control distortion on specific weldments.

Backstep Technique for TIg Welding

Click the image for a larger wlding or to print. Backstepping may not be effective in all applications, and it cannot be used economically in automatic welding. Anticipate the shrinkage forces Presetting parts at first glance, I thought that this was referring to overhead or vertical welding positions, which is not the case before welding can make shrinkage perform constructive work.

If you are going to techniqe a fillet weld on a tee joint and it’s. Results 1 to 7 of 7.

In heavy weldments, particularly, the rigidity of the members and their arrangement relative to each other may provide the balancing forces needed. It takes practice to control heat input. Skip to content Distortion in a weld results from the expansion and contraction of the weld metal and adjacent base metal during the heating and cooling cycle of the welding process.


By the time the weld reaches room temperature – assuming complete restraint of the base metal so that it cannot move – the weld will contain locked-in tensile stresses approximately equal to the yield strength of the metal. After that you weld at the other end of your joint, and then go back to the other side and fill the space between welds and then finish it up. Welding techniques were developed over time in order to avoid problematic welds and defects and improve your skills.

Essentially, peening the bead stretches it and makes it thinner, thus relieving by plastic deformation the stresses induced by contraction as the metal cools.

Strongback The “strongback” is another useful technique for distortion control during butt welding of plates, wwelding in Fig. Notify me of new comments via email.

Weave bead welding is exactly as it sounds; you will make a weaving pattern in order to cover a larger area. This separation is most pronounced as the first bead is laid.

In general, if distortion is not a problem, select the most economical joint. Sometimes two identical weldments are clamped back to back, welded, and then stress-relieved while being held in this straight condition. But you first should put it in a vice, clamp it, or fit it in a jig and then tack weld each opposite corner to keep the gaps uniform around the tube. For example, a root bead should never be peened, because of the danger of either concealing a crack or causing one.