Costus afer is an evergreen Perennial growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) The flowers are pollinated by Insects. Suitable. The stem, seeds and rhizome contain several steroidal sapogenins, of which diosgenin is the most important one. The rhizome yields % diosgenin. Costus afer is commonly used as a medicinal plant throughout tropical Africa. An infusion of the inflorescence is taken to treat tachycardia. The same infusion or.

Author: Duran Ganris
Country: Mayotte
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: History
Published (Last): 5 April 2004
Pages: 487
PDF File Size: 18.15 Mb
ePub File Size: 4.6 Mb
ISBN: 224-1-25760-626-7
Downloads: 55128
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Grokree

Costus afer Ker Gawl. Samples were rinsed with tap water, chopped into small pieces, air-dried at room temperature, and then pulverized into fine powder.

Costus afer – Useful Tropical Plants

On the 28 costua night, the rats were fasted and on the 29 th day they were sacrificed under ether anesthesia and their livers and kidneys were harvested. Reactions were terminated and absorbance was read as previously mentioned. These results suggest that the extract does not alter the kidney function, this agrees with the photomicrographs of the kidney with no lesion or inflammation seen.

Table 3 Effect of different doses of Costus afer Ker Gawl leaves renal function tests. Sesquiterpenoids were the most abundant group of volatile compounds in the essential oil of Costus afer leaves from western Nigeria, with sesquilavandulyl acetate The present study was designed to investigate the hepato and nephrotoxic effects of aqueous extracts of leaves of C.


The absolute and relative weight of the kidney was not affected when compared to the control. Statistical analysis Analysis using the Mann-Whitney test was carried out to examine the statistical significance of differences in the mean levels of the various parameters and biomarkers between the control and test groups using Graph Pad Prism 5.

Journal of Ethnopharmacology 6 3: This article afre been cited by other articles in PMC.

The methanol extract of the rhizome showed significant topical anti-inflammatory activity[ ]. Renal function tests as indicators of kidney injury in subacute toxicity studies.

Diosgenin is mainly obtained from Dioscorea spp. The acute toxicity study of aqueous leaf extract C. Costus afer is widely used for ceremonial and religious purposes. These can be potted up and will grow into new plants[ ]. Experiments to use cosyus stem for making paper have been successful[ ]. The assay protocol was as follows: Effect of different doses of Faer afer Ker Gawl leaves renal function tests.

An infusion of the inflorescence is taken to treat tachycardia. Thus, these extracts could inhibit these enzymes at much lower concentrations than even acarbose and would therefore be good candidates to test for high-affinity inhibitors.


It might also be due to costtus synergistic effect. Investigation into the haematologic and hepatotoxic effects of Rinbacin in rats. All extracts inhibited -amylase and -glucosidase activities. Right plant wrong place. Another species of which the seed contains high concentrations of diosgenin is fenugreek Trigonella foenum-graecum L.

Tietz Textbook codtus Clinical Chemistry. A dirty precipitate indicated the presence of tannins. The aqueous extracts were administered orally to each group of rats daily for 28 days, while the control group received water.

Costus afer

The same infusion or a rhizome infusion is taken to treat stomach complaints. It also exhibits uterine relaxant activity. The methanolic arer extract showed significant cytotoxicity in the brine shrimp test. Costus afer is a very vigorous grower. Biomarkers, kidney, liver, organ toxicity, phytomedicine. The powdered stems are used as an enema to treat worms and haemorrhoids[ ].