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Briefly, it involves the promotion and justification of a certain type of relations between Christian theology and various scientific and philosophical disciplines. For example, we can write, 1 All those who are Christian recognise Apostle Staniooae as the stepping stone on which Christ built His Church, the first Pope of the Church of the entire world as such; consequently, all Popes have an apostolic legitimacy.

The formula seems paradoxical if we do not make a clear distinction between faith and knowledge, or more exactly, if we do not understand the limits of the conjunction between man’s two ovl relationships with God. Therefore, it is our own duty to take action, just as it was the West’s duty at Yalta to show no mercy doymatica our decades of aimless wanderings along an unconfirmed path of history.

Orthodox Dogmatic Theology Vol 1

Based on this privileged form of manifestation, the rationalist spirit developed into the very foundation of the growth of European culture. The logical possibility of coexistence of two possible Christian worlds does not involve the identity of the two statuses. In Christian Europe two worlds co-exist. In the economy of this paper, my focus falls on the reception by Christians of Aristotle’s work and of the rationalist spirit that derives from his philosophy.

By using a metaphor, we can say that Thomas of Aquino Christianised Aristotle, or even that, by studying the work of Aristotle, Thomas became the master metaphysician of the Christian dogma.

De la Platon la Heidegger, vol. However though, not all the theologians of those times accepted a natural relationship between faith and reason.

On the one hand, “it is unfitting that man should not be content to seek that is suited to him”, and, on the other, “God alone can have staniooae privilege” “possesses such a science, or only He possesses it in its fullest measure. More exactly, the verb ” recognise ” mimes the copulative function of ” is “, masking in this way an illogical state, i. Aristotle, rational philosophy, Christianity, patristics, the Orthodox world, dogma.

We can feel Plato’s influence in his description of the relations existing among the members of the Holy Trinity. Stainloae Staniloaie’s words are unequivocal: The two Christian worlds – Orthodox and Catholic – can only be described by using equivalent propositions. But let us return to Proslogion conceived as a stanoloae dialog with a living God. Aristotle, rational philosophy, Christianity, patristics, the Orthodox world, dogma Assoc.


Conjoined ecclesiastic and political decisions – which imposed the schism and hence a relation of contradiction between the West and the East – presupposed a series of ingredients of political, economic, social, cultural and, obviously, doctrinal nature. At the same time, according to the supreme commands of the Stahiloae Testament, the term “Christian” denotes only that human individual or community which lives in full communion, i. In other words, science embraces as object of study something that transcends the multiplicity of things.

If we now consider the history of culture and civilisation as the framework in which faith xtaniloae religious ideas play a central role for the human being, then Christianity founded upon the Holy Scripture and the Holy Traditions can be considered dogmtaica founder of two possible worlds, i. More exactly, if p – which describes the West as the actual Christian world of today – is true, then p must also be possible in the East, as an actual present-day Christian world.

Or, Gregory Palama asserts plainly in the dispute the need for a mystical experience of God, for particular sciences are inefficient.

The structure faith – reason, already put in conjunction by such early philosophers as Augustin, was later embraced as credo ut intelligam. Stanlioae the scholastic period, the idea vil a Mathesis universalis a science legitimised by reference to God stimulated the thinking of philosophers such as Descartes and Leibniz.

Methodologically, what is required is that “the mind should be challenged when contemplating God” the title of the first chapter ; but this methodology must be in close touch with prayer, so that it should simultaneously open a way towards God, and uplift man through prayer and through the rational search for God.

The difference between us and our Western peers is also highlighted by philosophical analysis. I suggest two possible perspectives for reflection: It begins with a prayer addressed to Him and then continues with a logical investigation of human knowledge and ignorance.

Adamut, Literatura si Filozofie Crestina, vol. In Summa Theologie dgomatica, Thomas emphasises the nature of human knowledge as opposed to the nature of knowledge among angels. It is knowledge stanoloae experience. In this context, two aspects of Dionysius’ contribution need to be emphasised: In Summa Contra Gentiles he writes that we have to make “a distinction between stanoloae is known in itself simply simpliciter and in what concerns us quand nos.

Suttner takes under rigorous scrutiny the situations of schism, presenting them as supposedly contradictory stances of communion with Jesus Christ, and not as contradictory positions of sister churches. Without indulging in analytical details, we can describe this status by using ataniloae logical square, according to which a universally affirmative proposition SaP is in contradiction with a particular negative proposition SoP.

It was not long before some Romanians opened their eyes and understood that the Biblical parable has no applicability in political life, and that the “capitalist Samaritan” is a mere figment of their imagination.


Florea Lucaci – The Aristotelian Spirit and the Cultural Moulding of the Christian World

Without insisting and considering other philosophers of the scholastic period, some ideas ought to be emphasised – ideas which implicitly reflect the influence of the Aristotelian spirit: Of great interest is his confession concerning the reading of certain of Plato’s books and the acknowledging of their beneficial influence. The way in which he assimilated ancient thinking would later on influence the West, and especially the development of philosophy and logic.

If in sogmatica West theory was viewed as contemplation and as method for conceptual construction, in the East the emphasis was laid exclusively on contemplation and revelation. It is rational to believe that the Bible is revelation, etc. It is rational to believe that God makes Himself known to us through revelation and miracles.

Besides, inemperor Justinian closed the Academy in Athens, thus depriving the so-called “pagan world” from any kind of scientific manifestation.

We have here a triadic structure, i. The apparent departure is not due to the number of centuries that separate us from the period that precedes the schism, but to the sustained efforts of doctrinarian purging invested especially after the dogmqtica.

Furthermore, Eastern culture has always had an atemporal dimension, and – as Traian Herseni puts it – rural Romania represented “a belated ethnographic society” untill the end digmatica the 19 th century. I have in mind Ion Petrovici’s commentary on Kant’s practical philosophy, where he puts in balance the so-called and the authentic moral acts.

Orthodox Dogmatic Theology Vol 1: Dumitru Staniloae: T&T Clark

It was in these great universities that the seeds of the Renaissance were planted, and it was also here that, gradually and continuously, Western culture was moulded – a culture whose pragmatic-rationalistic creativity is in accordance with the typologies described by Ioan Biris.

After the revolution in DecemberRomanians had the conviction that the West embodies the charitable Samaritan who comes to the aid of the history-forsaken East. The nature of the oneness of multiplicity is exclusively conceptual, and the nature of the object denoted by the term multiple is either material, or non-material, e.

Furthermore, the West accepted the autonomy of sciences by creating the ” seven liberal arts ” – an unacceptable concept for the Orthodox world, where logic was considered satniloae mere organonand philosophy, an ancilla theologiae. Besides, in the 9 th century, stanikoae work was translated dogmtaica Latin by John Scotus Erigena, a good logician of the times.

Gregory of Nysse can be viewed as the forerunner of Dionysius the Areopagite.