Coulson, S., Van Petten, C., Federmeier, K. D., & Kutas, M. (). Right hemisphere sensitivity to word- And sentence-level context: Evidence. First published: 28 February Address reprint requests to: Kara D. Federmeier, Department of Psychology, University of Illinois Urbana Champaign, E. This work was supported by grants HD and AG to Marta Kutas. Memory & Cognition. July , Volume 33, Issue 5, pp – | Cite as Kara D. Federmeier Email author; Heinke Mai; Marta Kutas. Kara D. Federmeier. 1.

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In contrast, as can be seen the top half of Figure 2older adults as a group show a clear effect of contextual fit i. For example, this view is supported by behavioral and ERP results showing relatively greater influences of sentence-level than lexical-level variables on word processing in the RVF as compared with the LVF Chiarello et al. The asymmetries observed for language are most notable for production.

Supportive contextual information seems to be able to mitigate the age-related N delays in the auditory modality e. Opposite Cue Expected Incongruent The opposite of above below civil The opposite of bottom top clear The opposite of dirty clean final The opposite of future past stage The opposite of heaven hell chief The opposite of male female green The opposite of over under least The opposite of rise fall name The opposite of shallow deep active The opposite of victory defeat company.

A new window to the study of cognitive aging? Real-time language processing, however, requires that information at multiple levels perceptual, lexical, semantic, syntactic, etc.

Kara Federmeier – Google Scholar Citations

However, kufas the same sentences, effects of message-level context information i. Cues remained on the screen for ten seconds or until a response was registered. Indeed, this preparation may also extend to visual features of the predicted stimulus. Effects of global and local context efdermeier lexical processing during language comprehension.


The psychology of learning and motivation: Mechanisms of sentence context effects in reading: Age differences in the commonality of free associations. The publisher’s final edited version of this article is available at Psychophysiology.

Age-related and individual differences in the use of prediction during language comprehension

However, it is proposed that a core difference between the hemispheres lies in the functional efficacy of their top-down connections, with feedback connections playing a much larger role in shaping LH processing. The assessment and analysis of handedness: Responses to expected exemplars solid linewithin-category violations dashed lineand between-category violations dotted line are plotted at left for presentation in the right visual field initially apprehended by the left hemisphere and at right for presentation in the left visual field initially apprehended by the right hemisphere.

Working-memory capacity, age, and memory for discourse. Incongruent antonyms were wholly unassociated with the cues.

Thinking ahead: The role and roots of prediction in language comprehension

This pattern is quite striking, given that an RVF advantage is almost always observed for verbal material. A connectionist model of federmeied comprehension and production. The role of the right hemisphere in the processing of complex linguistic materials. For example, data from noninvasive spatial neuroimaging techniques have revealed language-related activation in brain areas outside the regions classically associated with aphasia, including a number of RH areas e.

The effect of retention interval upon hemispheric processes in recognition memory. As in Experiment 1, federjeier were given a short break after every 40 trials.

Age-related and individual differences in the use of prediction during language comprehension

Visual properties of neurons in inferotemporal cortex of the Macaque. Interhemispheric transfer of spatial and temporal frequency information. In fact, under some circumstances, prediction-related costs do seem to be evident in the electrophysiological response.

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In other words, when assessed with a functionally specific brain measure, RH-biased responses showed more semantic selectivity and more adherence to message-level plausibility.

Hemispheric sensitivities to sentential constraint. Federmeier, unpublished data support the hypothesis Figure 5. Right hemisphere language following brain bisection: Whereas there is now a better sense of which brain areas may be involved in various language functions, the computations that these areas perform are not yet understood well enough to afford an explanation of mutas a LH area might be crucially involved in a given function whereas the RH homologue, with essentially the same basic cell types, neurochemistry, and inputs and outputs, is not.

However, it is difficult to reconcile these conclusions with the neuropsychological findings already discussed, which have tended to ktas that intact RH language functions are particularly crucial for processing complex message-level meaning information.

The impact of semantic memory organization and sentence context information on spoken language processing by younger and older adults: For prediction-related effects, these individual differences have been consistently most strongly related to language production measures such as verbal fluency, strengthening the proposed link between prediction during comprehension and language production mechanisms.

Semantic priming in young and older adults: Thus, both groups showed N priming for expected antonym targets. A comparison of the Battig and Montague norms with the responses of adults between the ages of 20 and The evidence for prediction is strengthened further by considering the impact of contextual constraint on the N pattern as shown in the bottom part of Figure 1.