FRAKTUR KLAVIKULA ADALAH PDF

Menurut FKUI (), fraktur adalah rusaknya dan terputusnya kontinuitas tulang . Klavikula adalah patah tulang pada tulang klavikula atau tulang selangka. Intra-articular Fractures By: Robert Shepherd MS, Certified Medical Illustrator, Vice President and Director of Eastern Region Operations. Fracture & Dislocation of ClaviculaFracture & Dislocation of Claviculadr Erwien Isparnadi oductionFractures of the clavicle are.

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Fraktur Clavicula dan Fraktur Costae Documents. The following images show a knee joint. Fraktur Clavicula – Case Report Documents. This forces the acromion process of the down, beneath the clavicle. Even with the best fracture alignment and joint immobilization, subtle disturbances in the joint surface and the natural bone reformation that take place during healing can result in uneven joint surfaces and injury to the overlying articular cartilage see the below illustration.

Presentation fraktur distal radius, fraktur styloid ulna Documents. Svigt af fiksation i caput femoris varusskred, Sjldent sekundr collum-fraktur Documents. Lapsus radiologi fraktur clavicula dan cruris Documents.

Anterior or kavikula sternoclavicular subluxation was evident when the joint is injured compared with normal joinSternoclavicular joint describe on 2 type, there is: Patients should also have a plain antero-posterior AP X-ray performed in the emergency department. Sling figure of eight used after reduction for weeks to help the healing ligamentsternoklavikular SC joint anteriordilocationPatients with anterior dislocation usually complain of pain in the SC joint, which increases with movement of the arm; adqlah cases have only mild symptomsAcromioclavicular dislocation AC Joint Injuries often occur as a result of a direct blow to the tip of the shoulder, such as a fall or a collision with another player during exercise.

This can result in partial or total loss of the articular cartilage and in uneven “bone-on-bone” articulation that severely decrease range of motion and result in debilitating joint pain.

Fraktur Scapula n Clavicula Documents. In order to appreciate why intra-articular fractures can be so problematic, a fundamental understanding of a typical joint is helpful. Other projections of the clavicle may be performed after liaising with a radiographer, such an apical oblique view of the clavicle with the patient standing at 45 degrees toward the beam and the beam angled degrees TreatmentThe majority of clavicle fractures are treated non-operatively with good outcomes.

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OTIntroductionFractures of the clavicle are common injuries accounting for between 2. Over the course of acalah, these injuries self-perpetuate and may necessitate arthroscopic debridement,chondroplastyor even joint replacement.

Ligaments can be partially disrupted. The displaced types were then divided into 2a or 2b, depending on the presence of injury to the coraco-clavicular CC ligaments [6].

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It is also important to realize that a fracture needs not enter a joint to result in injury to the articular surfaces and begin the self-perpetuating post-traumatic breakdown of the joint surfaces post-traumatic arthritis. Discomfort increased when the patient is placed in supine position, the shoulder is not affected in a horizontal position compared with healthy shouldersSome treatment options include open reduction for retrosternal dislocation.

Fraktur Clavicula Ppt Download Report. Thus a type 2a injury represents a fracture medial to both conoid and trapzezoid elements of the CC ligaments, with the shaft displacing superior relative to the lateral endA type 2b injury represents a fracture of the lateral end of the clavicle, with disruption of the conoid portion of the CC ligamenType 1, Middle thirdType 2, lateral thirdType 3, Proximal thirdAssesmentAnamnesis: When a fracture involves the articular surface of one or more bones of a joint, the articular cartilage and smooth articular surface of the bone are disrupted.

However, closed reduction is considered the treatment of choice, especially if the patient presents within 24 hours. Orto Fraktur Clavicula Sinistra Documents.

Hendradi – Fraktur Clavicula Documents. Traction lateral and medial end of the clavicle done is terelevasi forward and laterally. There is swelling and pain, especially with movement of the arm. A sack of sand or other cushioning placed between the shoulder then pulled shoulder lateral and ipsilateral arm in abduction position. Klasifikasi fraktur berdasarkan garis fraktur Documents. As shown in the below illustrations, joint trauma without a diagnosable fracture of any type can injure the smooth, shock-absorbing articular cartilage, with or without microfractures of the underlying bone.

While intra-articular fractures appear very similar to those that do not involve a joint space extra-articular fracturesintra-articular fractures are significantly more serious because they are associated with a much greater incidence of long-term complications.

Together with a little swelling and pain during palpation, but instability was not found. Measures such as an arm sling, analgesia and, in the case of mid shaft fractures, figure of eight bandage across the shoulders, often provide ample treatment. Mid Shaft Clavicular FractureUndisplaced mid-shaft fractures are generally managed non-operatively.

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With the exception of a meniscus, almost all moveable joints are similar to the knee joint in that the joints are lined with a thick, shock-absorbing articular cartilage adherent to smooth, bony surfaces adslah allow pain-free movement. Injeksi Intra Artikuler Documents. Usually the shoulders are in a position of adduction and flexionRockwood classificationSurgical options for joint instability acromioklavikular including 1 coracoklavikular ligament reconstruction with or without excision of the distal clavicle or 2 stabilization coracoklavikular with ligament reconstruction coracoklavikularHandling directly on soft tissue injury consists of a ricer protocol – rest, ice, compression, elevation and referral.

This will reduce swelling and bleeding in the injured area.

Fraktur Intra Artikuler

Journal Reading Fraktur Clavicula Documents. Fraktur Intra Artikuler Download Report. In order for joints to have the best chance of proper joint function after healing, physicians go to greater effort to make sure the bony surfaces are properly aligned and that the joint is properly immobilized than they would with a similar fracture that is extra-articular. Tutorial Skenario b Fraktur Clavicula Education. In addition, the AC Joint injury can occur as a result of the upward force on the long axis of the humerus in the fall with direct impact when the wrist in a straight position.

Because of the abnormalities of the injured and healed joint surface, natural movement of the joint can also damage the articular cartilage of jlavikula opposing joint klavikulz. Status Ujian Fraktur Clavicula Documents. Affected shoulder will appear shortened and pushed forward when compared with the normal shoulder. The goal is to reduce bleeding and damage in the joints. LP fraktur clavicula 2. RICE protocol should be followed for hours.

In moderate sprains occur sternoclavicular joint subluxation.

Shoulder must rest in a position of elevation with an ice pack for 20 minutes every two hours avoid direct contact of ice on the skin.