Notes to Hasdai Crescas Rabbi Josef Ibn Shem Tov, the Hebrew translator, says that Crescas wrote another polemical book in Catalan based on quotations . Ḥasdai ben Abraham Crescas, (born , Barcelona?—died , Saragossa, Spain), Spanish philosopher, Talmudic scholar, and critic of the Aristotelian. Hasdai Crescas was a Spanish Jewish philosopher who lived from In The Jewish Religion, Rabbi Louis Jacobs described Crescas as “one of the.

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Joseph Albo is the best known of his pupils, but at least two others have won recognition, Rabbi Mattathias of Saragossa, and Rabbi Zechariah ha-Levi. It is important to note too that in the thought of Crescas, the universe does not have any corporeal place.

Regarding the two latter chapters of Part Six, my opinion differs from that of most scholars. This emphasis was characteristic of the doctrine of the ”Kabala” as modified by Greek Platonism. According to this opinion, after years of being under the influence of Abner’s book, Ofrenda de ZelosCrescas built a more deterministic opinion and tried to harmonize it with his earlier thinking.

Crescas asserted that there crrescas no contradiction in the idea of empty space or an infinite magnitude; and that all bodies have weight, not a natural tendency upward or downward.

In his critique of the Aristotelian opinions, Crescas crsecas the different arguments [ 30 ] that diverse Aristotelians attack each other with to ultimately refute all Aristotelian opinions.

Or Adonai Or Hashem is composed of four main divisions ma’amarsubdivided into kelalim and chapters perakim. Crescas asserts that revelation alone is competent to establish the unity of God.

Ḥasdai ben Abraham Crescas

Muhammad is traditionally said to have…. Maimonides had rejected as futile and unwarranted all inquiry into the ultimate purpose of the world. In Crescas’s opinion, we can also prove the simplicity of God, but we cannot prove the uniqueness of God. Open access to the SEP is made possible by a world-wide funding initiative. But according to Crescas, there is another kind of attribute: As one of the main medieval Jewish philosophers, Crescas critiques the radical Aristotelian philosophy of Maimonides and some of his philosophical heirs.


Critiques of Aristotelian science One of the more cfescas contributions of Crescas to the history of philosophy is his critique of Aristotelian science.

Crescas accepts the existence of the second category and draws the conclusion that in such cases we can add something to an infinite.

This final opinion serves as hascai exemplar of Crescas’s use of compilation from different sources with the goal of constructing a new and original theory. He insisted that Maimonides erred in treating belief in God as a commandment, when it is a presupposed condition of any divine commandment. Another explanation attributes the general rejection of Crescas to his citation of Christian scholars, and especially the apostate Abner of Burgos.

You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. In Crescas’s opinion, humans cannot understand the true essence of God, and nor can they speak of him but negatively like the opinion of Maimonides. On the situation of the Jewish community of Spain during his period, see Baer and Ben Shalom This is contrary to the teachings of religion, and also utterly unreasonable; knowledge does not produce the soul.

For a list of the people in his circle see Ofirpp. Gabirol added a peculiar doctrine concerning the divine will by which all lesser beings are created, substituting Will for Logos. Following in the footsteps of his teacher, he became a Talmudic authority and a philosopher of great originality.

If every single thing in the universe is caused, their existence is only possible just as is their inexistence and so we need a first cause that necessitates their existence as opposed to their non-existence. For example, if we isolate a person hesitating between two options from the causes that influence him, such as his education and the influence of society, then we might think that this person truly chooses to do either of the two options.

Crescas devotes the sixth part of the second essay to the question of free will.


Reception and influence 7. The original Arabic text is now lost, so it is likely thanks to Crescas that this important philosophical work has survived. His source here is probably Duns Scotus. One of the more important contributions of Crescas to the history of philosophy is his critique of Aristotelian science.

This is the foundation of all religious belief. During the catastrophic period of Spanish-Jewish history between andHasdai Crescas wrote a treatise, Or Adonai Light of the Lord, written in crescxs, and printed in Ferrara in seeking to define and strengthen the Jewish faith in the face of constant attack from Christians and the threat posed by Aristotelian philosophy.

For a long time, Hasdzi exercised a perceptible influence among Jews only through his pupil, Joseph Albothough he was studied by Don Isaac Abravanel who controverts especially his Messianic theoriesand by Abram Shalom in his Neveh Shalom. The essence of the soul and life after death 7. This king and his French queen, Violant de Bar, loved culture, and their palace in Saragossa became the center of culture and science. Hermann Ruben Editions The universe is an infinite void containing an infinite number of worlds separated from one another by part of the void.

The essence of the soul and life after death Crescas devotes an important portion of the sixth ahsdai of the second essay to the question of the soul’s essence. Entries with PhilPapers records have links on their titles.

Hasdai Crescas (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

On this subject see Laskerpp. According to one view, the sermon represents an anterior stage of Crescas and Or Hashem a posterior one Sermon on the Passoverpp. To cite this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats.