Under the Hasmonean dynasty, which lasted about 80 years, the kingdom regained boundaries not far short of Solomon’s realm, political consolidation under. What was the Hasmonean dynasty? Answer: Hasmonean was the family name of the rebel leader and priest, Mattathias, who began to throw off Seleucid rule. The early Hasmonean rulers were righteous people who were careful not to assume the title of monarch. However, it is an old adage that power corrupts, and .

Author: Toll Faekasa
Country: Togo
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Science
Published (Last): 16 October 2017
Pages: 476
PDF File Size: 1.20 Mb
ePub File Size: 16.43 Mb
ISBN: 629-7-83339-268-2
Downloads: 24935
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Kazijar

Thank You for Your Contribution!

Saul Ish-bosheth David Solomon. The books include historical and religious material from the Septuagint that was codified by Catholics and Eastern Orthodox Christians. Josephus first mentions them in connection with Jonathan, the successor of Judas Maccabeus “Ant. Bacchides now established the Hellenes as rulers in Israel; and upon Judah’s death, the persecuted patriots, under Jonathan, brother of Judah, fled beyond the Jordan River.

Online books Resources in your library Resources in other libraries. The Antiquities of the Jews. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Bacchides readily consented and even took an oath of nevermore making war upon Jonathan.

The Mountain of the Lord. Hasmonean Kingdom under Simon Thassi. The conflict between Hyrcanus and Aristobulus culminated in a civil war that ended when the Roman general Pompey captured Jerusalem in 63 BCE and inaugurated the Roman period of Jewish history. While this civil war was going on the Roman general Marcus Aemilius Scaurus went to Syria to take possession, in the name of Gnaeus Pompeius Magnusof the kingdom of the Seleucids.

Pompey entered the Holy of Holies ; this was only the second time that someone had dared to penetrate into this sacred spot.

Hasmonean Dynasty

Jonathan then returned to Jerusalem, maintaining peace with the King of Egypt despite their support for different contenders for the Seleucid throne. Antony also made a feast for Herod on the first day of his reign. Prophecy and prophetic religion in postbiblical Judaism rule in Jerusalem In biblical literature: Religions of the Ancient World: You can make it easier for us ddynasty review and, hopefully, publish your contribution has,onean keeping a few points in mind.


Antigonus was delivered to Antony and executed shortly thereafter. They were the ones who egged on Antiochus IV hasjonean instituted the religious reform in Jerusalem. First led by Mattathias of the priestly Hasmonean family and then by his son Judah the Maccabeethe Jews subsequently entered Jerusalem and purified the Temple BCEevents commemorated each year by the festival of Hanukkah.

This provided opportunity for semi-independent Seleucid client states such as Judea to revolt.

The books of Maccabees use the names “Judea” and “Israel” or cognates as geographical descriptors throughout for both the land and people over whom the Hasmoneans would rule. The struggle between the people and the Romans had begun in earnest, and though Antigonus, when placed on the throne by hasmonfan Parthians, proceeded to spoil and harry the Jews, rejoicing at the restoration of the Hasmonean line, thought a new era of independence had come.


Ancient Jewish History: The Hasmonean Dynasty

Antiochus tried to suppress public observance of Jewish laws, apparently in an attempt to hasmonesn control over the Jews. Jewish Links to the Holy Land. For the next two decades of his reign, Hyrcanus continued, like his father, to rule semi-autonomously from the Seleucids.

Academies in Babylonia and Erez Israel. John Hyrcanus II, a…. Alexander Jannaeus’ son, Hyrcanus Dynadty, had scarcely reigned three months when his younger brother, Aristobulus IIrose in rebellion, whereupon Hyrcanus advanced against him at the head of an army of mercenaries and his Pharisee followers: Download our mobile app for on-the-go access to the Jewish Virtual Library.

It is difficult to hsamonean at what time the Phariseesas a party, arose. Later texts such as the Mishnah and the Talmud record a host of rulings ascribed to the Pharisees concerning sacrifices and other ritual practices in the Temple, torts, criminal law, and governance. From there he endeavoured to clear the land of “the godless and the apostate “.

Hasmonean Dynasty | Judaean dynasty |

Who Were the Hebrews? Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources. Aretas was ordered to withdraw his army from Judea, and while retreating suffered a crushing defeat at the hands of Aristobulus. Journal of Biblical Literature. In 63 BC, Judaea became a protectorate of Rome.


Mohr-Siebeck, 1—18; Jonathan Bourgel But Diodotus Tryphon did not liberate his prisoner; angry that Simon blocked his way everywhere and that he could accomplish nothing, he executed Jonathan at Baskama, in the country east of the Jordan.

Risk and Realism in International Politics. There was a problem with your submission.

The author of the First Book of Maccabees regarded the Maccabean revolt as a rising of pious Jews against the Seleucid king who had tried to eradicate their religion and against the Jews who supported him.

Josephus attests that Salome Alexandra was very favourably inclined toward the Pharisees and that their political influence grew tremendously under her reign, especially in the institution known as the Sanhedrin. Hasmnean Hellenistic party could no longer attack him without severe consequences.

Antigonus, whose Hebrew name was Mattathias, bore the double title of king and High Priest for only three years, as he had not disposed of Herod, the most dangerous of his enemies.

Hyrcanus took refuge in the citadel of Jerusalem, but the capture of the Temple by Aristobulus II compelled Hyrcanus to surrender.

The Hasmoneans lost the territories acquired in Transjordan during the 93 BC Battle of Gadarawhere the Nabataeans ambushed Jannaeus and his forces in a hilly area. Judea under Judas Maccabeus. The name “Judaea” has also been used to describe the Hasmonean Kingdom although this name reflects the later designation of the region under the Romans at the time of Josephus’ writings in the late 1st century.

The defeat of the Jewish revolts against the Roman Empire notably contributed to the numbers and geography of the Jewish Diasporaas many Jews were scattered after losing their state or were sold into slavery throughout the empire.

Herod soon returned, however, and the honors to Antipater’s family continued.