Ibn Rushd Fi Kitab Fasl Al-Maqal Wa-Taqrir Ma Bayna Al-Shari Ah Wa-Al-Hikmah Min Al-Ittisal, Ahamm Al-Mawdu at Fi Al-Falsafah Wa-Al-Fiqh Wa-Al-Manhaj. the content of Fasl al-Maqal, and then examine what Ibn Rushd in fact does in Kitab Fasl al-Maqal wa Taqrlr ma bayn al-Shart’ah wa al-Hikmah min at-Ittisal. Kitab fasl al-maqal, with its appendix (Damima) and translation is based on the Arabic text in Ibn Rushd (Averroes) Kitab fasl al-maqal, ed.

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So the objector should believe the same about the study of intellectual reasoning. Philosophy contains nothing opposed to Islam. Trustees of the E. Thus people in relation to Scripture fall into three classes: For if the apparent meaning of Scripture is searched, it will be evident from the verses which give us information about the bringing into existence of the world that its form really is originated, but that being itself and time extend continuously at both extremes, i.

But it is now clear from what we have said that this is not the case.

We have devoted a separate essay to this question, impelled by one of our friends. In these cases the masses must be told that only the learned are able to al-maqsl the true interpretation; or they must be given an easy allegorical explanation, according to the rules laid down by Ghazali.

Thus it is clear that [3] this last being bears a resemblance kirab to [1] the being which is really generated a nd to [2] the pre-eternal Being. Please create a new list with a new name; move some items to a new or existing list; or delete some items.

For the first believers arrived at perfect virtue and fear of God only by using these sayings [of Scripture] without interpreting them allegorically; and anyone of them who did find out an al-maqa, interpretation did not think fit to express it [to others].

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For those religious sayings in the precious Book which are expressed to everyone have three properties that indicate their miraculous character: In addition to all this we hold that Abu Hamid was mistaken about the Peripatetic philosophers, in ascribing to them the assertion that God, Holy and Exalted, does not know particulars at all. This is very apparent from [a comparison of] the condition of the first believers with the condition of those who came after them. Cancel Forgot your password?

So if such is the case, and everything that is required in the study of the subject of intellectual syllogisms has already been examined in the most perfect manner by the ancients, presumably we ought to lay hands on their books in order to study what they said about that subject; and a-maqal it is all correct we should accept it from them, while if there is anything incorrect in it, we should draw attention to that.

Well, do you think that people in this condition will do any of the things which are useful for preserving health and curing disease, or that this man who has persuaded them to reject what they formerly believed in will now be able to use those [things] with al-maqaal, I mean for preserving health? He has coined for them images and likenesses of these things, and summoned them to assent to those images, since it is possible fxsl assent to those images to come al-mawal through the indications common to all men, i.

It cannot be objected: Moreover, it is evident from what we have said that a unanimous agreement cannot be established in questions of this kind, because of the reports that many of the early believers of the first generation, as ktab as others, have said that there are allegorical interpretations which ought not to be expressed except to those who are qualified to receive allegories.

Therefore there must be another knowledge of beings which is unqualified, the eternal Glorious Knowledge.


Ibn Rushd: Fasl al-maqal (Arabic Books: alkutub – مكتبة الكتب العربية)

Abu Hamid did not make al-maqa a distinction: We say that the ideas found in Scripture fall into five classes.

Create lists, bibliographies and reviews: In memory of my father.

Consequently there is no point in disputing about this question, i. They also agree with the ancients in the view that future time is infinite and kitxb future being. Luzac for the Trustees of ‘The E. The duty of the elite here is to apply such interpretation; while the duty of the masses is to take them in their apparent meaning in both respects, i.

For it can be said to them: In sum, it can hardly be conceived that the knowledge of a thing before it exists can be kotab with the knowledge of it after it exists.

In memory of my father

The imams of the Muslims ought to forbid those of his books which contain learned matter to all save the learned, just as they ought to forbid demonstrative books to those who are not capable of understanding them.

That is why fal hold that, for anyone whose duty it is to believe in the apparent meaning, allegorical interpretation is unbelief, because it leads to unbelief.

Averroes on the harmony of religion and philosophy: God is the Giver of success and the Guide by His Goodness. But when those who came after them used allegorical interpretation, their fear of God grew less, their dissensions increased, their love for one another was removed, and they became divided into sects. This opinion is suitable for the elite. A nn A rbor. If this [apparent al-maqa, accords there is no argument.